Created with excavated soil from the canal, this peaceful spot offers visitors a view of the waterway and surrounding gardens from its two-tier deck and gazebo. Relax under the shade of a mature oak tree overlooking broad sweeps of plants selected especially for their color and texture. Drought tolerant plants grow near the top of the hill while moisture loving plants thrive at the bottom.
PLANTS TO LOOK FOR:
- Spring: Epimedium, Saucer Magnolia
- Summer: Bear’s Breeches, Butterfly Bush, Glossy Abelia, Summersweet
- Fall: Bluebeard, Linden Viburnum, Salvia, Stonecrop
- Winter: Japanese Holly Fern, Wintersweet, Witchhazel
The rose garden was dedicated in 1976 as a bicentennial tribute to the nation. This garden has been accredited as one of 130 All-American Rose Selections Display Gardens. Over 3,000 rose plants representing more than 300 varieties grow in this garden. At the height of bloom, mid-May through October, more than 250,000 rose blooms may be seen. This garden has an accessible terrace overlooking seating areas, fountains, and picturesque garden surroundings.
Roses are one of the Garden’s primary collections. Learn more about the collection.
One of the Garden’s main pathways leads through the Border Garden. A variety of flowering shrubs including a row of white-flowering ‘Diana’ hibiscus provide a backdrop to mixed plantings of perennials and annuals. Inspired by the soft and romantic gardens of renowned landscape designers Beatrix Farrand and Gertrude Jekyll, this garden is filled with flowers in pastel hues. Perennials like gayfeather, peonies, roses, verbena and phlox tumble together reminiscent of the Impressionistic style of painting.
The Colonial Garden evokes a time when man relied heavily on plants for his daily needs. This garden is filled with culinary, medicinal and ornamental plants from the colonial era. Herbs are quite incredible! The design is reminiscent of a period garden with a formal layout and mixed plantings. Heirloom roses grow just outside the fence and face the canal.
In colonial Virginia, it was considered a great luxury to have a strictly ornamental garden, and even those lucky enough to be considered well-to-do incorporated useful plants into their pleasure gardens. The Colonial Garden here at the Norfolk Botanical Garden gives visitors an idea of what might have been seen in a typical upper middle class garden of that era. There is a mix of both ornamental plants, such as boxwood, hydrangeas, and flowers grown for the vase, as well as useful culinary and medicinal herbs. Just as we do today, culinary herbs were used by our ancestors to enhance and vary the flavor of many foods and beverages. Herbs are quite incredible!
Click here for a printable herb plant list.
Plants to look for:
- Spring: Dogwood, Hollyhock, Lily of the Valley, Sweetshrub
- Summer: Fennel, Rose, Verbascum
- Fall: Hydrangea, Joe-Pye Weed
- Winter: Boxwood, Rosemary
This garden is located on a peninsula of land at the north end of Norfolk Botanical Garden. The mature overstory of oak, hickory, and pine creates a wonderful secluded retreat for walkers, birdwatchers and nature lovers. The treasures of this garden can be enjoyed by strolling along on a paved trail or a woodland trail, which also offers scenic views of Lake Whitehurst.
A cobblestone lined path leads visitors into a sanctuary of ferns and other shade loving plants. A forest of red maples, sweetgums, hollies and pines provide the shady canopy. Two cobblestone patios with benches offer quiet and secluded rest stops in the heart of the Garden.
The Figure 8 Garden is a meandering shady path through impressive azaleas and other woodland shrubs. Surprises are tucked into hidden corners throughout this informal garden.
The Flowering Arboretum fills 17.5 acres in the center of the Botanical Garden. In 1982, a section of Crapemyrtle trees was added to the original acreage. Today the arboretum contains 336 different flowering trees. Because it displays a wide variety of fragrant and colorful flowering trees, homeowners and horticultural students look to the Arboretum as an excellent reference.
In 2015, the Flowering Arboretum will take on a new look that will benefit the environment and wildlife. Visitors will notice areas that are not mowed. As the grass grows mowed pathways will be created for increased visitation in the Arboretum. Visitors will expect to see wildflower meadows with increased activity for pollinators and wildlife.
This meadow features a mixture of more than 50 species of wildflowers and 10 species of grasses. The area is an outdoor classroom where one can observe wildflowers and the birds and insects they attract. It demonstrates an alternative to traditional high maintenance urban landscaping. Most importantly, the flowers and grasses present a constantly changing vista of natural beauty for those who stroll along its pathways or relax near the flowing fountain in the shade of the gazebo.
Perry E. Morgan donated money for the establishment and maintenance of The Bunny Morgan Memorial Wildflower Meadow, now the Four Seasons Garden, in honor of his late wife, who had long been a wildflower enthusiast.
Plants to look for:
- Spring: Five Spot, Poppies, Bachelor’s Button
- Summer: Tickseed, Gayfeather, Sunflower
- Fall: Native Grasses
The Matson Perennial Garden is located next to Renaissance Court and the Border Garden. The Garden was created in honor of Pat and Kay Matson, who were known in the Hampton Roads community for bringing new perennials into the area. The Matson Perennial Garden is about a quarter of an acre in size and is filled with new cultivars of the same plants that the Matsons first introduced in the Hampton Roads area and some of the original plants that they donated to Norfolk Botanical Garden. This garden includes both shady and sunny spots, a stream, a dry stack wall and stone pathways. Sweeps of perennials border the canal and smaller plants are tucked into niches along the paved road.
Plants to look for:
- Spring: Columbine, Foam-flower, Geranium
- Summer: Ginger Lily, Pinapple Lily, Russian Sage, Taro
- Fall: Chrysanthemum, Coneflower, Joe-Pye Weed, Stonecrop
- Winter: Alexandrian Laurel, Maiden Grass, Rose Acacia
This area is the oldest part of the garden, where WPA workers began clearing for azalea plantings in 1938. These original azaleas still put on a show stopping display every spring. In 2008, the 70th anniversary of Norfolk Botanical Garden, a memorial garden was created to honor the legacy of the WPA workers.
This garden is best explored on foot. There are several well manicured woodland trails, as well as a paved road, that lead visitors through our vast collections of azaleas and mountain laurels. Mirror Lake is also home to several species of native orchids, ferns, and other unique native woodland plants.
This is a prime garden for viewing wildlife, especially birds. Be on the lookout for wood ducks, owls, hawks, and warblers.
This area features many interesting trees and shrubs that thrive in a mature woodland setting. More than 175 varieties of rhododendrons and azaleas (which are a species of Rhododendron) showcase their flowers each spring.
Plants to look for:
- Spring: Azalea, Daffodils, Dogwood, Pieris, Rhododendron
- Summer: Japanese Litsea, Magnolia, Partridgeberry
- Fall: Dogwood, Enkianthus, Maple, Sassafras, Sourwood
- Winter: Amur Cherry, Camellia, Camphor tree, Evergreen Wintersweet, Podocarpus
This spectacular 1-acre garden honors Sarah Lee Baker, who funded many features throughout the garden with her husband Isaac “Junie” Baker. Moving water in the central limestone fountain and terraced canals creates a soothing and cooling effect. The formal circular garden is divided into wedges that overflow with more than 200 different varieties of perennials of all shapes and sizes.
Plants to look for:
- Spring: Bluestar, Fothergilla, False Indigo, Iris, Daylillies, Daffodils
- Summer: Canna Lily, Daylillies, Rose Mallow, Speedwell, Whirling Butterflies
- Fall: Confederate Rose, Joe-Pye Weed, Salvia, Stonecrop, Ornamental Grasses
- Winter: Kerria, Paperbush, Yaupon
This small woodland garden was once used as an outdoor classroom for horticultural study. Because of this, there is a diverse array of plant material. Lirope lines the paths that guide the visitor through our collection of shade loving perennials, shrubs, and trees. This area features a small collection of Encore hybrid azaleas.
This garden invites you to explore four historic plant communities indigenous to the southeast coastal plain of VA. Included in this garden is the R.W. Cross Nature Trail, which features a boardwalk that winds through a bottomland hardwood forest, a bald cypress /water tupelo swamp, an Atlantic white cedar swamp, and a longleaf pine stand. Each community features an interpretive sign highlighting the featured plants and their importance to people and wildlife. The boardwalk also offers beautiful views of Lake Whitehurst and the wildlife that frequent its shores.
This garden also features native plants rescued from the wild due to the imminent destruction of their habitat.