There are more than 2,300 plants representing 350 different species and cultivars of conifers found in the Garden. A concentration of them can be found in the Conifer Garden. This is a good area to see the variety of conifers – to compare the sizes, forms and unique characteristics of plants in this collection.

Conifers are plants that bear cones. Conifers are part of the class of plants known as gymnosperms. These are plants that lack flowers and reproduce by seeds borne naked on a bract or sporophyll. In the case of conifers, this is the cone. In contrast to gymnosperms, angiosperms are flowering plants that produce seeds in enclosed in ovaries.

Most conifers are evergreen, but some plants like the bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) are deciduous.