Birds in the Garden

The following list includes 95 birds that have been identified in the Garden.  Some of the birds are migratory, while others live here year-round.  Use the accompanying codes to determine when you are most likely to see a particular species.

This indicates how likely you are to see a particular species:

a = Abundant: A species which is very numerous
c = Common: Likely to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u = Uncommon: Present, but not certain to be seen
o = Occasional: Seen only a few times during a season
r = Rare: May be present but not every year

For this chart:

Spring = March-May
Summer = June-August
Fall = September-November
Winter = December-February

Species

Spring

Summer

Fall

Winter

Loons-Grebes
Pied-billed Grebe c u c c
Gannet-Pelicans-Cormorants
Brown Pelican c c c o
Double-crested Cormorant a u a u
Bitterns-Herons-Ibises
Black-crowned Night Heron u u u o
Great Blue Heron c c c c
Great Egret c c c c
Green Heron u u u u
Snowy Egret c c c u
Yellow-crowned Night Heron o o o r
Swans-Geese-Ducks
American Black Duck c u a a
American Wigeon u - u c
Canada Goose c c o c
Hooded Merganser o r o o
Mallard c u a a
Northern Shoveler u - u u
Red-breasted Merganser u r u c
Ring-necked Duck u - u u
Ruddy Duck u - u u
Wood Duck u u c o
Vultures-Hawks-Falcons
Bald Eagle c c u u
Black Vulture o o o o
Turkey Vulture o o o o
Cooper’s Hawk o o o o
Red-shouldered Hawk u u u u
Red-tailed Hawk u u u u
Sharp-shinned Hawk u o o u
American Kestrel c c c c
Osprey u u u -
Quail-Rails
American Coot u r c c
Northern Bobwhite o o o o
Shorebirds
Killdeer u u u u
Jaegers-Gulls-Terns-Auks
Greater Black-backed Gull c o c a
Herring Gull c c c c
Laughing Gull c c c u
Ring-billed gull a a a a
Doves-Cuckoos-Owls-Swifts-Hummingbirds-Kingfishers
Barn Owl o o o o
Great Horned Owl u u u u
Eastern Screech Owl u u u u
Mourning Dove c c c u
Ruby-throated Hummingbird c c u -
Yellow-billed Cuckoo u u - -
Belted Kingfisher u u u u
Woodpeckers-Flycatchers
Downy Woodpecker u u u u
Northern Flicker c u c u
Hairy Woodpecker o o o o
Pileated Woodpecker u u u u
Red-bellied Woodpecker u u u u
Red-headed Woodpecker u u u u
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker o - o o
Eastern Kingbird c u c -
Larks-Swallows-Jays-Crows
Purple Martin c c c -
Blue Jay u u u u
Barn Swallow c u c -
American Crow c u c u
Fish Crow c c c c
Horned Lark u - u u
Titmice-Nuthatches-Wrens
Carolina Chickadee u u u u
Tufted Titmouse u u u u
White-breasted Nuthatch u u u u
Brown Creeper u - u u
Carolina Wren c c c u
House Wren c o c u
Kinglets-Thrushes-Thrashers
Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u u
Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - c u
Eastern Bluebird u u u u
Hermit Thrush u - u u
Wood Thrush u u u -
Gray Catbird c c c o
Brown Thrasher c c c c
American Robin c c c c
Northern Mockingbird c c c c
Waxwings-Shrikes-Starlings
Cedar Waxwing u - u u
European Starling c c c c
Vireos-Wood Warblers
Black-and-white Warbler u u u r
Magnolia Warbler u - u -
Palm Warbler c c c o
Pine Warbler c o u u
Yellow-rumped Warbler a - a a
Yellow-throated Warbler o o o -
Tanagers-Sparrows
Chipping Sparrow c c u o
Field Sparrow u u c u
Fox Sparrow o - o o
House Sparrow u u u u
Song Sparrow c c c c
White-throated Sparrow c - c c
Blackbirds-Finches
American Goldfinch c c c o
Brown-headed Cowbird u u u u
Common Grackle c c c c
Eastern Towhee u u u u
House Finch c c c c
Indigo Bunting o o - -
Northern Cardinal c c c c
Northern Oriole c - c r
Orchard Oriole u u u -
Red-winged Blackbird a a a a